Meningococcal disease is caused by a bacterial infection spread through respiratory droplets. The infection is rare, but life-threatening and can lead to disability, including brain damage. The meningococcal disease can lead to meningitis and septicaemia. There are several strains of meningitis, including A, C, W and Y.
The meningitis ACWY vaccine is compulsory for muslims undertaking Hajj pilgrimage (a certificate will be required prior to entering the country), travellers rising certain areas of Africa, and is highly recommended for new university starters (Freshers).
The vaccine is given as a single dose, intramuscularly in the upper arm.
The most common side effects of the vaccine include appetite loss, irritability, drowsiness, headache, fever, pain, redness, or swelling at injection site and fatigue.